Rationality: From AI to Zombies [Audiobook]
21 September 2016, 04:56
MP3@192 kbps + EPUB | 55 hrs 38 mins | 4.24GB
What does it actually mean to be rational? Not Hollywood-style “rational,” where one rejects all human feeling to embrace Cold Hard Logic — real rationality, of the sort studied by psychologists, social scientists, and mathematicians. The kind of rationality where you make good decisions, even when it’s hard; where you reason well, even in the face of massive uncertainty; where you recognize and make full use of your fuzzy intuitions and emotions, rather than trying to discard them.
In Rationality: From AI to Zombies, Eliezer Yudkowsky explains the science underlying human irrationality with a mix of fables, argumentative essays, and personal vignettes. These eye-opening accounts of how the mind works (and how, all too often, it doesn’t) are then put to the test through some genuinely difficult puzzles: questions in computer science about the future of artificial intelligence (AI), questions in physics about the relationship between the quantum and classical worlds, questions in philosophy about the metaphysics of zombies and the nature of morality, and many more. In the process, Rationality: From AI to Zombies delves into the human significance of correct reasoning more deeply than you’ll find in a conventional textbook on cognitive science or philosophy of mind.
A decision theorist and researcher at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, Yudkowsky published earlier drafts of his writings, “the Sequences,” to the websites Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong. Rationality: From AI to Zombies compiles six volumes of Yudkowsky’s essays into a single electronic text. Collectively, these linked essays serve as a rich and lively introduction to the science — and the art — of human rationality.
Rationality: From AI to Zombies is now available in three recorded volumes. Narrated by news director and public speaker George Thomas and supported by Castify, the audio series allows you to read essays from this collection while walking your dog or driving to work.
Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, & Naturalism [Audiobook]
20 September 2016, 03:46
2014 | M4B@64 kbps + EPUB | 12 hrs 43 mins | 346.96MB
This audiobook is a long-awaited major statement by a pre-eminent analytic philosopher, Alvin Plantinga, on one of our biggest debates - the compatibility of science and religion. The last twenty years has seen a cottage industry of books on this divide, but with little consensus emerging. Plantinga, as a top philosopher but also a proponent of the rationality of religious belief, has a unique contribution to make. His theme in this short book is that the conflict between science and theistic religion is actually superficial, and that at a deeper level they are in concord.
Plantinga examines where this conflict is supposed to exist - evolution, evolutionary psychology, analysis of scripture, scientific study of religion – as well as claims by Dan Dennett, Richard Dawkins, and Philip Kitcher that evolution and theistic belief cannot co-exist. Plantinga makes a case that their arguments are not only inconclusive but that the supposed conflicts themselves are superficial, due to the methodological naturalism used by science. On the other hand, science can actually offer support to theistic doctrines, and Plantinga uses the notion of biological and cosmological "fine-tuning" in support of this idea. Plantinga argues that we might think about arguments in science and religion in a new way - as different forms of discourse that try to persuade people to look at questions from a perspective such that they can see that something is true. In this way, there is a deep and massive consonance between theism and the scientific enterprise.
Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking [Audiobook]
20 September 2016, 03:30
2015 | M4B@64 kbps + EPUB | 6 hrs 48 mins | 168.58MB
Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking by William James is a unique work in American philosophy. This collection of lectures James himself delivered at the dawn of the twentieth century has been a landmark in the development of the philosophical movement of pragmatism. This summary includes a biography, a key synopsis, and an insightful analysis of the main distinctive points of pragmatism as a mediating system opposed to rationalism and empiricism, the dominant philosophies of that era. Suitable for students and any reader interested in clarifying the basic notions of absolute monism and empirical pluralism and in studying the critical approach to old systems of thought by one of the founders of pragmatism, William James.
- A brief background of the author and the work
- Overview, synopsis, and analysis
- Historical context, criticisms, and social impact
- Chapter-by-chapter summary
- The full narration of the text
This audiobook is suitable for students and anyone interested in contemporary philosophy.
The Enchiridion & Discourses [Audiobook]
06 September 2016, 05:01
2016 | MP3@48 kbps | 13 hrs 16 mins | 273.41MB
The Enchiridion is the famous manual of ethical advice given in the second century by the Stoic philosopher Epictetus.
Born to a Greek slave, Epictetus grew up in the environment of the Roman Empire and, having been released from bonds of slavery, became a Stoic in the tradition of its originators, Zeno (third Century BCE) and Seneca (first century CE).
Epictetus didn't leave a formal written legacy, but his pupil, Arrian, collected his teachings, and posterity now has The Enchiridion and The Discourses. The first is a short compilation of Stoical precepts - how to live an ethical life. It is essentially about everyday life, and it maintained its popularity throughout the succeeding centuries, on par with the other principal concise Stoic document from the Roman period, Meditations by Marcus Aurelius - who had clearly read it.
The Enchiridion is presented here as the translation by Thomas W. Higginson. The Discourses, a much longer text again compiled by Arrian, contains a more comprehensive view of the teachings of Epictetus. The Discourses is translated by George Long.
Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World [Audiobook]
06 September 2016, 04:58
2014 | MP3@128 kbps + EPUB | 8 hrs 52 mins | 487.73MB
Global warming is perhaps the most dramatic example of what Timothy Morton calls "hyperobjects" - entities of such vast temporal and spatial dimensions that they defeat traditional ideas about what a thing is in the first place. In this book, Morton explains what hyperobjects are and their impact on how we think, how we coexist with one another and with nonhumans, and how we experience our politics, ethics, and art.
Moving fluidly between philosophy, science, literature, visual and conceptual art, and popular culture, the book argues that hyperobjects show that the end of the world has already occurred in the sense that concepts such as world, nature, and even environment are no longer a meaningful horizon against which human events take place. Instead of inhabiting a world, we find ourselves inside a number of hyperobjects, such as climate, nuclear weapons, evolution, or relativity. Such objects put unbearable strains on our normal ways of reasoning.
Insisting that we have to reinvent how we think to even begin to comprehend the world we now live in, Hyperobjects takes the first steps, outlining a genuinely postmodern ecological approach to thought and action.
The Wisdom of Insecurity: A Message for an Age of Anxiety [Audiobook]
05 May 2016, 07:29
2016 | M4B@64 kbps + EPUB | 3 hrs 57 mins | 108.35MB
Alan W. Watts' "message for an age of anxiety" is as powerful today as it was when this modern classic was first published. We spend too much time trying to anticipate and plan for the future, too much time lamenting the past. We often miss the pleasures of the moment in our anxious efforts to ensure the next moment is as enjoyable.
Drawing from Eastern philosophy and religion, Watts argues that it is only by acknowledging what we do not and cannot know that we can find something truly worth knowing. In order to lead a fulfilling life, one must embrace the present - live fully in the now.
Elegantly reasoned and lucidly written, this philosophical achievement contains all the wisdom and spirit that distinguished Watts' long career and resonates with us still.
Out of Your Mind: Essential Listening from the Alan Watts Audio Archives
14 April 2016, 09:51
2015 | MP3 VBR V0 | 14 hrs 21 mins | 849.22MB
In order to come to your senses, Alan Watts often said, you sometimes need to go out of your mind. Perhaps more than any other teacher in the West, this celebrated author, former Anglican priest, and self-described spiritual entertainer was responsible for igniting the passion of countless wisdom seekers to the spiritual and philosophical delights of Asia and India.
Now, with Out of Your Mind: Essential Listening from the Alan Watts Audio Archives, you are invited to immerse yourself in 12 of this legendary thinker's pinnacle teaching sessions about how to break through the limits of the rational mind and begin expanding your awareness and appreciation for the Great Game unfolding all around us.
Whether you're completely new to Alan Watts or familiar with his work, here is a rare opportunity to experience him at his best, improvising brilliantly before a live audience on Out of Your Mind: Essential Listening from the Alan Watts Audio Archives.
Fifty Years in the Church of Rome [Audiobook]
08 April 2016, 05:01
2016 | MP3@64 kbps | 31 hrs 45 mins | 876.45MB
This is an excellent look at the religious system of the Catholic Church from the inside.
Charles Chiniquy was born at Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada, to Roman Catholic parents. He studied at the college of Nicolet in Canada; after graduation he entered the priesthood (at an early age) and continued therein until he was an old man. At the age of 49 he left the Roman church, taking his congregation with him, and became a Presbyterian minister. His encounters with the inner workings of the Roman church are enlightening and could come only from someone who was embedded in such a system for so many years. He later published a number of books and tracts on temperance and about his life and experiences in the Catholic Church, some of which became very popular and were translated into several languages.
In this book he covers such subjects as:
- The Bible and the priests of Rome
- Preparation for the First Communion - initiation to idolatry
- Intellectual education in the Roman Catholic Colleges
- Moral and religious instruction in the Roman Catholic Colleges
- Protestant children in the convents and nunneries of Rome
- Rome and education: why the church of Rome hates the common schools of the United States and wants to destroy them
- Theology of the church of Rome: its anti-Christian character
- The vow of celibacy
- The impurities of the theology of Rome
- The priest of Rome and the holy fathers
- How the author swore to give up the word of God to follow the word of men
- The Roman Catholic priesthood, or ancient and modern idolatry
- Nine consequences of the dogma of transubstantiation
Leviathan: or The Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil [Audiobook]
23 March 2016, 16:37
2011 | MP3@64 kbps | 23 hrs 17 mins | 640.07MB
The leviathan is the vast unity of the State. But how are unity, peace, and security to be attained? Hobbes' answer is sovereignty, but the resurgence of interest today in Leviathan is due less to its answers than its methods: Hobbes sees politics as a science capable of the same axiomatic approach as geometry.
Written during the turmoil of the English Civil War, Leviathan was, in Hobbes' lifetime, publicly burnt and even condemned in Parliament as one of the causes of the Great Fire of London in 1666. Its current appeal lies not just in its elevation of politics to a science, but in its overriding concern for peace, its systematic analysis of power, and its convincing apologia for the then-emergent market society in which we still live.
Blessed: A History of the American Prosperity Gospel [Audiobook]
21 March 2016, 16:34
2014 | M4B@64 kbps + PDF | 10 hrs 11 mins | 277.91MB
How have millions of American Christians come to measure spiritual progress in terms of their financial status and physical well-being? How has the movement variously called Word of Faith, Health and Wealth, Name It and Claim It, or simply prosperity gospel come to dominate much of our contemporary religious landscape?
Kate Bowler's Blessed is the first book to fully explore the origins, unifying themes, and major figures of a burgeoning movement that now claims millions of followers in America. Bowler traces the roots of the prosperity gospel: from the touring mesmerists, metaphysical sages, pentecostal healers, business oracles, and princely prophets of the early 20th century; through mid-century positive thinkers like Norman Vincent Peale and revivalists like Oral Roberts and Kenneth Hagin; to today's hugely successful prosperity preachers.
Bowler focuses on such contemporary figures as Creflo Dollar, pastor of Atlanta's 30,000-member World Changers Church International; Joel Osteen, known as "the smiling preacher," with a weekly audience of seven million; T. D. Jakes, named by Time magazine one of America's most influential new religious leaders; Joyce Meyer, evangelist and women's empowerment guru; and many others. At almost any moment, day or night, the American public can tune in to these preachers-on TV, radio, podcasts, and in their megachurches-to hear the message that God desires to bless them with wealth and health.
Bowler offers an interpretive framework for scholars and general readers alike to understand the diverse expressions of Christian abundance as a cohesive movement bound by shared understandings and common goals.