Shakespeare's Local [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 15:15
2012 | EPUB | 2.25MB
Welcome to the George Inn near London Bridge; a cosy, wood-pannelled, galleried coaching house a few minutes' walk from the Thames. Grab yourself a pint, listen to the chatter of the locals and consider this: who else has made this their local over the last 600 years?
Chaucer and his fellow pilgrims almost certainly drank in the George on their way out of London to Canterbury. Shakespeare may well have popped in from the nearby Globe for a pint, and we know that Dickens definitely did. Mail carriers changed their horses here, before heading to all four corners of Britain -- while sailors drank here before visiting all four corners of the world...
The pub, as Pete Brown points out, is the 'primordial cell of British life' and in the George he has found the perfect case study. All life is here, from murderers, highwaymen and ladies of the night to gossiping pedlars and hard-working clerks. So sit back and watch as buildings rise and fall over the centuries, and 'the beer drinker's Bill Bryson' (TLS) takes us on an entertaining tour through six centuries of history, through the stories of everyone that ever drank in one pub.
The Girl with Seven Names [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 15:13
2015 | EPUB | 1.21MB
An extraordinary insight into life under one of the world’s most ruthless and secretive dictatorships – and the story of one woman’s terrifying struggle to avoid capture/repatriation and guide her family to freedom.
As a child growing up in North Korea, Hyeonseo Lee was one of millions trapped by a secretive and brutal communist regime. Her home on the border with China gave her some exposure to the world beyond the confines of the Hermit Kingdom and, as the famine of the 1990s struck, she began to wonder, question and to realise that she had been brainwashed her entire life. Given the repression, poverty and starvation she witnessed surely her country could not be, as she had been told “the best on the planet”?
Aged seventeen, she decided to escape North Korea. She could not have imagined that it would be twelve years before she was reunited with her family.
She could not return, since rumours of her escape were spreading, and she and her family could incur the punishments of the government authorities – involving imprisonment, torture, and possible public execution. Hyeonseo instead remained in China and rapidly learned Chinese in an effort to adapt and survive. Twelve years and two lifetimes later, she would return to the North Korean border in a daring mission to spirit her mother and brother to South Korea, on one of the most arduous, costly and dangerous journeys imaginable.
This is the unique story not only of Hyeonseo’s escape from the darkness into the light, but also of her coming of age, education and the resolve she found to rebuild her life – not once, but twice – first in China, then in South Korea. Strong, brave and eloquent, this memoir is a triumph of her remarkable spirit.
Churchill's Bomb: How the United States Overtook Britain in the First Nuclear Arms Race [Audiobook]
15 July 2015, 15:07
2013 | MP3@64 kbps + EPUB | 14 hrs 20 mins | 406.27MB
Perhaps no scientific development has shaped the course of modern history as much as the harnessing of nuclear energy. Yet, the twentieth century might have turned out differently had greater influence over this technology been exercised by Great Britain, whose scientists were at the forefront of research into nuclear weapons at the beginning of World War II.
As award-winning biographer and science writer Graham Farmelo describes in Churchill's Bomb, the British set out to investigate the possibility of building nuclear weapons before their American colleagues. But when scientists in Britain first discovered a way to build an atomic bomb, Prime Minister Winston Churchill did not make the most of his country's lead and was slow to realize the bomb's strategic implications. This was odd - he prided himself on recognizing the military potential of new science and, in the 1920's and 1930's, had repeatedly pointed out that nuclear weapons would likely be developed soon. In developing the bomb, however, he marginalized some of his country's most brilliant scientists, and also failed to capitalize on Franklin Roosevelt's generous offer to work jointly on the bomb - and ultimately ceded Britain's initiative to the Americans, whose successful development and deployment of the bomb placed the United States in a position of supreme power at the dawn of the nuclear age. Churchill came to be terrified by the possibility of thermonuclear war and emerged as a pioneer of détente in the early stages of the Cold War.
Contrasting Churchill's often inattentive leadership with Franklin Roosevelt's decisiveness, Churchill's Bomb reveals the secret history of the weapon that transformed modern geopolitics.
Made to Break: Technology and Obsolescence in America [Audiobook]
15 July 2015, 14:57
2014 | MP3@64 kbps + EPUB | 9 hrs 55 mins | 281.43MB
If you've replaced a computer lately - or a cell phone, a camera, a television - chances are, the old one still worked. And chances are even greater that the latest model won't last as long as the one it replaced. Welcome to the world of planned obsolescence - a business model, a way of life, and a uniquely American invention that this eye-opening book explores from its beginnings to its perilous implications for the very near future.
Made to Break is a history of 20th century technology as seen through the prism of obsolescence. America invented everything that is now disposable, Giles Slade tells us, and he explains how disposability was in fact a necessary condition for America's rejection of tradition and our acceptance of change and impermanence. His audiobook shows us the ideas behind obsolescence at work in such American milestones as the inventions of branding, packaging, and advertising; the contest for market dominance between GM and Ford; the struggle for a national communications network, the development of electronic technologies - and with it the avalanche of electronic consumer waste that will overwhelm America's landfills and poison its water within the coming decade.
History reserves a privileged place for those societies that built things to last - forever, if possible. What place will it hold for a society addicted to consumption - a whole culture made to break? This book gives us a detailed and harrowing picture of how, by choosing to support ever-shorter product lives we may well be shortening the future of our way of life as well.
South: The Story of Shackleton's Last Expedition, 1914-1917 [Audiobook]
15 July 2015, 14:50
2011 | MP3@64 kbps + EPUB | 14 hrs 37 mins | 415.44MB
As war clouds darkened over Europe in 1914, a party led by Sir Ernest Shackleton set out to make the first crossing of the entire Antarctic continent via the Pole. But their initial optimism was short-lived as ice floes closed around their ship, gradually crushing it and marooning twenty-eight men on the polar ice. Alone in the world's most unforgiving environment, Shackleton and his team began a brutal quest for survival. And as the story of their journey across treacherous seas and a wilderness of glaciers and snow fields unfolds, the scale of their courage and heroism becomes movingly clear.
History of Freedom [TTC Video]
15 July 2015, 14:35
Course No 480 | AVI, XviD, 547 kbps, 640x432 | English, MP3, 128 kbps, 2 Ch | 36x30 mins | + PDF Guidebook | 5.49 GB
It can be argued that one simple idea—the concept of freedom—has been the driving force of Western civilization and may be the most influential intellectual force the world has ever known. But what is freedom, exactly? Join historian and classical scholar J. Rufus Fears as he tells freedom's dramatic story from ancient Greece to our own day, exploring a concept so close to us we may never have considered it with the thoroughness it deserves.
- Delve Into the Meaning of Human Freedom
- What did freedom mean to Abraham Lincoln—or to Robert E. Lee? To Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, or Martin Luther King?
What does it mean to us today?
Indeed, to consider freedom is to ask questions. Many questions.
- What does it take to be free, to have and to hold liberty?
- What moral questions did freedom raise for our forebears?
- What questions does it raise for us?
- What role do the liberal arts and the world of the intellect play in the life of a free society or a free individual?
- What does democracy have to do with freedom?
- Can a democratic politician be a statesman?
- How should we understand the relationship among freedom, religion, and morality?
- Is there a dichotomy between public and private morality in a free society?
You ponder these questions and more in this moving and provocative course, brought to you by a teacher whose 15 awards for outstanding teaching include three-time recognition as University of Oklahoma Professor of the Year.
Professor Fears combines a fine actor's captivating presence, superb timing, and feel for the telling anecdote with the broad and humane learning of a seasoned classics scholar.
A History of Real People and Real Events
A firm premise of the course is that history is made by great individuals and great events, not by anonymous social and economic forces.
In fact, Professor Fears opens the course not with a dry presentation of liberty's philosophical requirements but by plunging you into the chaos of the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.
This was the seminal event in the history of freedom, with 9,000 citizen-soldiers of Athens defeating the much larger and better-equipped army of the Persian king Darius and thwarting his attempt to subjugate Greece.
This battle highlights dramatically the contrast between the political liberty of the Greek city-states and the absolutism of the monarchies of the ancient Near East.
It also highlights Professor Fears's approach to this course, as he focuses your engagement with the history of freedom on six seed times of liberty, along with the great people and events that helped shape the character of each.
Six Crucial Epochs, Revealed in Riveting Detail
With Professor Fears guiding and informing your thinking, you explore:
- the birth of the idea of freedom in Greece and the story of the world's first democracy the Athens of Pericles, Socrates, and Sophocles
- the status and meaning of freedom in both the Roman Republic and the Empire, and the new forms of liberty that flowered from the Roman legacy
- the role of Jesus, Saint Paul, and Christianity in that flowering of freedom, and the Christian view of the true meaning of human liberation
- the American colonies' resistance to British rule and their decision to declare their independence
- the debates about freedom that informed the framing and ratification of the United States Constitution and its awful testing on the battlefields of the Civil War
- the struggles of free peoples against domestic injustices and foreign dictatorships during the 20th century and the questions about freedom we still face as we enter the 21st .
Informed by Thousands of Years of Thought
To illustrate thought-provoking accounts of freedom's triumphs and travails, Professor Fears draws on Sophocles, Aristotle, Cicero, Paul, the English common-law tradition, Machiavelli, Lincoln, and the American Founders.
And he includes such towering intellectual champions of English-speaking liberalism as Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Lord Acton.
To clothe this impressive framework of analysis with the stuff of real history, Professor Fears brings to life critical episodes within each key period, explaining what was at stake each time.
- You witness the outnumbered Greeks charging the Persians at Marathon, the Minutemen challenging the redcoats at Lexington, and Lee and later Lincoln surveying the great battlefield of Gettysburg.
- You compare the trials of Socrates and Jesus, witness the signing of the Magna Carta and the Declaration of Independence, and study the debate over the U.S. Constitution.
- You recapture the confidence and buoyancy of Franklin Roosevelt's swift response to the Great Depression.
- And you thrill to Winston Churchill's bulldog defiance as he and his island nation stand alone defending freedom and humanity against Hitler's war machine.
- To cap this extraordinary series, Professor Fears steers your thoughts to the Cold War and the remarkable march toward freedom witnessed by the last decade of the 20th century.
A Look Ahead—and a Cautionary Note
Professor Fears closes with a look at the future and a word of warning.
"Americans entered the 21st century convinced that we are the only superpower and that the innovations of science, technology, and industry have opened a new era of individual liberty, prosperity, and peace. It should be remembered that Europeans entered the 20th century under similar delusions.
"This course of lectures ends on a cautionary note, one that was already voiced in the Athenian democracy of the 5 th century B.C.
"Excessive individualism is not liberty but, rather, license. There can ultimately be no separation between public and private morality. A democratic society can survive only if its citizens have a shared set of moral and political values.
"Excessive prosperity can lead to that public apathy about politics which is the death knell of liberty.
"In the end, the true test of a free society is its ability to produce leaders of ability, vision, and moral character."
These lectures invite you to look at our nation's most formative idea from a fresh perspective.
Accept the invitation with enthusiasm and intellectual anticipation. Your perspective on politics, society, and history—or your place in them—may never be the same.
- The Birth of Freedom
- Athenian Democracy
- Athens—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
- Athenian Tragedy—Education for Freedom
- Socrates on Trial
- Alexander the Great
- The Roman Republic
- Julius Caesar
- Freedom in the Roman Empire
- Rome—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
- Gibbon on Rome’s Decline and Fall
- Jesus and Socrates
- Paul the Apostle
- Freedom in the Middle Ages
- Luther and the Protestant Reformation
- From Machiavelli to the Divine Right of Kings
- The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty
- The Shot Heard ’Round the World
- The Tyranny of George III
- What the Declaration of Independence Says
- Natural Law and the Declaration
- Miracle at Philadelphia
- What the Constitution Says
- The Bill of Rights
- Liberty and Lee at Gettysburg
- Liberty and Lincoln at Gettysburg
- FDR and the Progressive Tradition
- Why the French Revolution Failed
- The Liberal Tradition
- Churchill and the War for Freedom
- The Illiberal Tradition
- Hitler and the War Against Freedom
- The Cold War
- Civil Disobedience and Social Change
- Freedom and the Lessons of History
Uncertainty and the Philosophy of Climate Change [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:16
2014 | EPUB | 2.63MB
When it comes to climate change, the greatest difficulty we face is that we do not know the likely degree of change or its cost, which means that environmental policy decisions have to be made under uncertainty.This book offers an accessible philosophical treatment of the broad range of ethical and policy challenges posed by climate change uncertainty.
Drawing on both the philosophy of science and ethics, Martin Bunzl shows how tackling climate change revolves around weighing up our interests now against those of future generations, which requires that we examine our assumptions about the value of present costs versus future benefits. In an engaging, conversational style, Bunzl looks at questions such as our responsibility towards nonhuman life, the interests of the developing and developed worlds, and how the circumstances of poverty shape the perception of risk, ultimately developing and defending a view of humanity and its place in the world that makes sense of our duty to nature without treating it as a rights bearer.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of environmental studies, philosophy, politics and sociology, as well as policy makers.
Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Sport [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:15
2015 | EPUB + PDF | 2.97/5.58MB
The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Sport is a landmark publication in sport studies. It goes further than any book has before in tracing the contours of the discipline of the philoso- phy of sport and in surveying the core themes, approaches and theories that form its disciplinary fabric.
The book explores the ways in which an understanding of philosophy can inform our understanding of important prevailing issues in sport. Edited by two of the most significant figures in the development of the philosophy of sport, Mike McNamee and Bill Morgan, with contributions from many of the world’s leading sport philosophers, this is an invaluable companion reference volume for any course in the social scientific study of sport and an essential addition to the bookshelf of any serious scholar of the philosophy and/or ethics of sport.
Justified and Philosophy: Shoot First, Think Later [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:14
2014 | EPUB + PDF | 0.5/2.08MB
The sharp-shooting authors in Justified and Philosophy take aim at many of the same philosophical problems that the Justified TV series grapples with. For instance, is Tim Olyphant's character, Deputy U.S. Marshal Raylan Givens, morally justified in using his Wild-Wild-West-style vigilante tactics to clean up Harlan County, Kentucky? After all, the meth dealers, thieves, murderers, and other low-life scumbags all deserve what's coming to them, right? Not so fast, Quick-Draw McGraw! What about the law? What about a thorough and complete investigation of matters before dispensing so-called "justice"? What about the idea of the punishment fitting the crime?
Deputy Marshal Givens wears a white hat and fights the "bad guys" so he must be a "good guy," right? His opponents are violent drug dealers, white supremacists, and thieves. Givens carries a badge, but when he shoots or kills people, is it always justified? What other choice does he have? Would any other method be as effective in rural eastern Kentucky where criminal activity is one of the few viable options for making a living? The different chapters delve into a variety of fascinating philosophical themes that emerge in this modern-day cowboy show.
How Many Is Too Many?: The Progressive Argument for Reducing Immigration into the US [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:08
2015 | EPUB | 0.68MB
From the stony streets of Boston to the rail lines of California, from General Relativity to Google, one of the surest truths of our history is the fact that America has been built by immigrants. The phrase itself has become a steadfast campaign line, a motto of optimism and good will, and indeed it is the rallying cry for progressives today who fight against tightening our borders. This is all well and good, Philip Cafaro thinks, for the America of the past—teeming with resources, opportunities, and wide open spaces—but America isn’t as young as it used to be, and the fact of the matter is we can’t afford to take in millions of people anymore. We’ve all heard this argument before, and one might think Cafaro is toeing the conservative line, but here’s the thing: he’s not conservative, not by a long shot. He’s as progressive as they come, and it’s progressives at whom he aims with this book’s startling message: massive immigration simply isn’t consistent with progressive ideals.
Cafaro roots his argument in human rights, equality, economic security, and environmental sustainability—hallmark progressive values. He shows us the undeniable realities of mass migration to which we have turned a blind eye: how flooded labor markets in sectors such as meatpacking and construction have driven down workers’ wages and driven up inequality; how excessive immigration has fostered unsafe working conditions and political disempowerment; how it has stalled our economic maturity by keeping us ever-focused on increasing consumption and growth; and how it has caused our cities and suburbs to sprawl far and wide, destroying natural habitats, driving other species from the landscape, and cutting us off from nature.
In response to these hard-hitting truths, Cafaro lays out a comprehensive plan for immigration reform that is squarely in line with progressive political goals. He suggests that we shift enforcement efforts away from border control and toward the employers who knowingly hire illegal workers. He proposes aid and foreign policies that will help people create better lives where they are. And indeed he supports amnesty for those who have, at tremendous risk, already built their lives here. Above all, Cafaro attacks our obsession with endless material growth, offering in its place a mature vision of America, not brimming but balanced, where all the different people who constitute this great nation of immigrants can live sustainably and well, sheltered by a prudence currently in short supply in American politics.
Modern Japan: A Social History Since 1868 [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:07
2014 | EPUB | 4.26MB
J E Thomas examines the historical roots of Japanese social structures and preoccupations and he sets these within the broad chronological framework of Japan's political and military development. The book can thus serve as an introduction to modern Japan in a more general sense - but its focus throughout is on the people themselves. Professor Thomas gives due attention to the Japanese mainstream; but he also discusses those other sections of the community which have traditionally been underprivileged or marginalised - most obviously women, but also minority groups and outcasts - and the Japanese attitude to foreigners beyond her shores.
Why Yemen Matters: A Society in Transition [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:06
2014 | EPUB | 1.44MB
In November 2011, an agreement brokered by the GCC brought an end to Yemen's tumultuous uprising. The National Dialogue Conference has opened a window of opportunity for change, bringing Yemen's main political forces together with groups that were politically marginalized. Yet, the risk of collapse is serious, and if Yemen is to remain a viable state, it must address numerous political, social and economic challenges.
In this invaluable volume, experts with extensive Yemen experience provide innovative analysis of the country's major crises: centralized governance, the role of the military, ethnic conflict, separatism, Islamism, foreign intervention, water scarcity and economic development. This is essential reading for academics, journalists, development workers, diplomats, politicians and students alike.
From Rabin to Netanyahu: Israel's Troubled Agenda [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:04
1997 | EPUB + PDF | 0.8/2.2MB
Benjamin Netanyahu's 1996 election victory marked a major turnaround in his fortunes, for only a few months earlier his political career had seemed finished. This book examines what his victory means both domestically and internationally.
Peace in the Middle East: The Challenge for Israel [EPUB]
15 July 2015, 14:03
2014 | EPUB + PDF | 2.73/3.52MB
Specialists from Israel, Europe and the US examine the implications of peace for Israel. How would it affect the country's political and economic systems and its national security, and what would peace mean for its regional and international standing and its relations with world Jewry?