Type, Sign, Symbol

Type, Sign, Symbol

Type, Sign, Symbol by Adrian Frutiger
ABC Verlag | 1980 | ISBN: 3855040605 | PDF | 328.6MB

Text in English, French, and German.

HQ scan


  • Why new typefaces?
  • The nature of sanserif and the significance of Univers (E. Ruder)
  • Why Univers was designed and how it developed
  • New possibilities for designers
  • Typefaces and printing techniques: Meridien
  • Constructivism in type design: on Serifa (E. Ruder)
  • On the planning of a typeface: Serifa as example
  • New techniques, new craftmanship
  • Type as a worldwide means of communication
  • The graphology of the centuries
  • Specific phototype faces for offset and gravure
  • Typewriter composition as a new possibility: Univers on the IBM Composer
  • Type recognised by the computer
  • OCR-B: a typeface for the automatic (optical) reading of texts
  • The computer as aid to drawing
  • The limits of the automatic modification of typefaces
  • Typefaces and their legibility
  • Type in the environment and in architectue
  • Letteringfor the Paris Metro
  • The EDF-GDF alphabet
  • Lettring system for Paris (Charles de Gaulle) Airport
  • Digital typeface design for movable indicators
  • Script of foreign cultures
  • Can the sacred script of India be modernised?
  • Work on the Devanagari script
  • Work on the Tamil Script
  • Logotypes
  • How a logtype is designed
  • From logotype to company image
  • Signs and symbols
  • Signs for the Air France timetable
  • Non-figurative vignettes for the Koran
  • Symbolic pictures or pictorial symbols
  • Symbolic expression through the transformation of a sign
  • Developments
  • Symbolic vignettes
  • Symbolic interpretations of the theme of love, life and death
  • Symbols of western dualism
  • Artistic creation with matter and light
  • On free graphic representations (Maurice Besset)
  • Woodcut sequence: "Genesis"
  • "Urgarten": a marble relief
  • Concrete letteringat the railway station of Roissy (H. R. Schneebeli)