The Medieval World [TTC Audio]

The Medieval World [TTC Audio]

The Medieval World [The Great Courses] (TTC Audio) by Professor Dorsey Armstrong
The Teaching Company | 2009 | Course No 8280 | MP3@96 kbps | 36x30 mins | 783.13MB


Most of us know that, far from being a time of darkness, the Middle Ages was an essential period in the grand narrative of Western history—one whose political, cultural, economic, scientific, and spiritual developments are an invaluable part of our own modern era. But what was it like to actually live in those extraordinary times?


● To be a pilgrim embarking with others on a fulfilling spiritual pilgrimage to a saint's holy shrine?

● To be a serf laboring on a farm—both for your family and the lord to whom you were bound?

● To be a knight entertaining crowds in a wildly popular jousting tournament or fighting in the heat of battle?


How did these and other average men and women from medieval Europe eat, work, love, rule, laugh, pray, and mourn? Above all, how different—or how similar—were their lives from the way you live today?


Now you can find out.


The Medieval World offers you a different perspective on the society and culture of the Middle Ages: one that goes beyond a simple historical survey and entrenches you in the daily human experience of living during this underappreciated era. Your guide on this extraordinary historical journey is medievalist and Professor Dorsey Armstrong of Purdue University. Drawing on history, literature, the arts, technology, and science, her 36 lectures are a highly nuanced tour that will deepen the way you understand not only the Middle Ages but everything that came afterward: from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment to your own world.


A Unique Understanding on How We Live Now


It is only by studying the lives of everyday men and women in medieval Europe that you can grasp the beginnings of—and connections to—our own 21st-century Western lives. Just like you, these men and women plied their respective trades, raised families, entertained themselves in their spare time, and followed the laws of their society. And their world was one that played an important role in shaping our own modern world.


"For all the differences of the world in which they lived," notes Professor Armstrong, "medieval people were more like us than they were different. It is their world that gave rise to ours, and in our most sacred institutions of government, houses of worship, and social ideals, the shadow of the medieval looms large."


Illuminating the details within these shadows, The Medieval World is a course that is ultimately about people (whether remembered by history or not), the world around them, and how they made their way through their extraordinary surroundings. It's also about the ways in which understanding the medieval experience can shed new light on our own contemporary experience.


Correcting the common modern portrayal of medieval life in profoundly negative terms, Professor Armstrong opens a window onto a world where people didn't just suffer through plague, indentured servitude, and illiteracy. Instead, she reveals a world where people were kind and generous, willing to stand up for what they believed in, intelligent and cunning, ambitious and perseverant.


See the Middle Ages through the Eyes of Its People


Filled with amazing insights, The Medieval World brings you closer than ever before to life as it was lived and felt. In these fascinating lectures, you'll


● meet the likes of William Caxton, England's first printer who not only printed and distributed a variety of works but also often had to translate them himself;

● encounter, in an extraordinary lecture about the intricacies of medieval manuscripts and the monks who labored over them, the legendary demon Titivillus, whose sole purpose was to track monks' errors and thus their worthiness for entry into heaven;

● learn about Hugh of Payns and the role of his Knights Templar—organized for the protection of pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem—in the creation of the first modern bank;

● see how communities dealt with marriage and its challenges in a time when the church had not yet drawn this institution into its own orbit; and much more.


Whether dealing with the lives of those building a great cathedral, the advances in naval engineering that would make a future "age of exploration" possible, the fears of a village facing the arrival of a longship filled with Viking invaders, or the terrible reality of the Black Death, Professor Armstrong's lectures will bring the Middle Ages to life like no course you've ever taken.


An Expert Medievalist, A Wide Range of Resources


The Medieval World's perspective on the Middle Ages is a unique one. As a medievalist who approaches the era in large part through its written works, Professor Armstrong frequently uses revealing examples of medieval literature from the English, French, Norse, Icelandic, and Italian worlds. An added bonus is her considerable fluency in those no-longer-spoken versions of our own language—such as the Middle English used by Chaucer in his Canterbury Tales.


Professor Armstrong also draws on a wide range of resources to bring this period back to life, including


● detailed maps,

● floor plans of buildings,

● models of a medieval manor,

● full-color renderings of clothing worn by the (surprisingly fashion-conscious) populace,

● period correspondence, and

● musical re-creations recorded on period instruments.


Most of the eye-catching visuals featured in these lectures were commissioned exclusively for this course and can't be found anywhere else.


Presenting her subject in a clear, engaging, and frequently witty style, Professor Armstrong takes care to always root her topics in their necessary historical, social, and cultural contexts—such as the values of the late Roman Empire or the development of Christianity. The result is a thorough course that doesn't require an advanced wealth of knowledge about the Middle Ages but can instead be taken as a stand-alone course.


Rich with information and period detail, The Medieval World is designed to dramatically increase your understanding of how lives in the Middle Ages were really lived. These lives, you'll discover, were not as distant from your own as we once thought. And if they did seem tantalizingly familiar to you before, you'll now know why.


Course Lecture Titles:


  1. The Medieval World
  2. The Legacy of the Roman World
  3. The Christianization of Europe
  4. After the Roman Empire—Hybrid Cultures
  5. Early Monasticism
  6. From Merovingian Gaul to Carolingian France
  7. Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance
  8. Byzantium, Islam, and the West
  9. The Viking Invasions
  10. Alfred the Great
  11. The Rearrangement of the Medieval World
  12. The Norman Conquest and the Bayeux Tapestry
  13. King Arthur—The Power of the Legend
  14. The Three Orders of Medieval Society
  15. Pilgrimage and Sainthood
  16. Knighthood and Heraldry
  17. The Gothic Cathedral
  18. Piety, Politics, and Persecution
  19. The Persistence of an Ideal
  20. Late Medieval Religious Institutions
  21. The Magna Carta
  22. Daily Life in a Noble Household
  23. Daily Life in a Medieval Village
  24. Medieval City Life
  25. Food and Drink
  26. Music and Entertainment
  27. Dress and Fashion
  28. 2Medieval Medicine
  29. The Black Death and its Effects
  30. Childhood in the Middle Ages
  31. Marriage and the Family
  32. Art and Artisans
  33. Science and Technology
  34. Weapons and Warfare
  35. Revolts, Uprisings, and Wars
  36. Toward the Early Modern Period

Dorsey Armstrong

Dr. Dorsey Armstrong is Associate Professor of English and Medieval Literature at Purdue University, where she has taught since 2002. The holder of an A.B. in English and Creative Writing from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in Medieval Literature from Duke University, she also taught at Centenary College of Louisiana and at California State University, Long Beach.


Her research interests include medieval women writers, late-medieval print culture, and the Arthurian legend, on which she has published extensively, including the 2009 book Sir Thomas Malory's Morte Darthur: A New Modern English Translation Based on the Winchester Manuscript and Gender and the Chivalric Community in Sir Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur, published in 2003. In January 2009, she became editor-in-chief of the academic journal Arthuriana, which publishes the most cutting-edge research on the legend of King Arthur, from its medieval origins to its enactments in the present moment. Her current research project—Mapping Malory's Morte—is an exploration of the role played by geography in Malory's version of the story of King Arthur.




1066 [The Great Courses] (TTC Audio)

1066 [The Great Courses] (TTC Audio)

1066 [The Great Courses] (TTC Audio) by Professor Jennifer Paxton
The Teaching Company | 2012 | Course No 8422 | MP3@128 kbps | 6x30 mins | 172.23MB


If you were to look back at hundreds of years of history in search of the one critical moment after which the history of the English-speaking world would never be the same again, it would undoubtedly be the year 1066. It was during this pivotal time that an event occurred that would have untold ramifications for the European continent: the Norman Conquest of England.


But why does this moment matter so much, both for the medieval world and for us today in the 21st century? While the true meaning and importance of the Norman Conquest has been sharply debated, medievalist and award-winning Professor Jennifer Paxton of Georgetown University argues that the Norman Conquest, and the entire year of 1066, matters deeply for two key reasons.


● It turned England away from a former Scandinavian orientation toward an orientation with mainland Europe, making the island nation a major player in Europe's political, social, cultural, and religious events.

● It created a rich hybrid between English and French culture that had a profound impact on everything from language and literature to architecture and law.


In fact, it was only with the tumultuous events of the year 1066 that England was equipped to become a full participant in the unprecedented developments of the Middle Ages and the centuries that followed. And with 1066, Professor Paxton's exciting and historically rich six-lecture course, you can experience for yourself the drama of this dynamic year. Taking you from the shores of Scandinavia and France to the battlefields of the English countryside, 1066 will plunge you into a world of fierce Viking warriors, powerful noble families, politically charged marriages, tense succession crises, epic military invasions, and much more.


Meet Intriguing Figures, Follow Powerful Battles


Your journey starts in the 10th and early 11th centuries, when power in England and Normandy was very much up for grabs—and when the small island nation was under continuous assault from Viking forces. Professor Paxton helps you gain a solid grasp of the complex political alliances and shifting relationships between figures such as


● Emma of Normandy, whose marriage to the English king Aethelred II in 1002 brought the two powers together against invading Vikings and planted the seeds for future conflict;

● Cnut, the fierce Danish conqueror who succeeded in taking over England in 1016 and then married the widowed Emma of Normandy, making her the queen of England—for the second time;

● Edward the Confessor, who in 1042 brought the kingship back into English hands after Danish rule but who eventually came under the dominion of the powerful Godwinson family; and

● Harold Godwinson, brother-in-law to Edward the Confessor and the controversial successor to the royal throne after Edward's death in 1066.


Edward the Confessor's death and Harold Godwinson's succession sparked two invasions that form the centerpiece of 1066. With her powerful storytelling abilities and her intricate knowledge of this period, Professor Paxton recounts the two seminal battles that pitted England against the Scandinavians and the Normans.


● The Battle of Stamford Bridge: The Scandinavian king Harald Hardrada and the king of England's own brother Tostig invaded England from the north, defeated local English forces, and steadily made their way inland. Racing north, Harold Godwinson defeated the Scandinavians at Stamford Bridge—yet was now on the wrong end of the country to meet the impending Norman invasion from the south.

● The Battle of Hastings: Considered one of the definitive conflicts of the medieval world, the Battle of Hastings pitted Harold Godwinson, whose forces were still reeling from the Battle of Stamford Bridge, against William the Conqueror, the Norman ruler whose invasion was backed by papal authorities and was supplied with men and ships from surrounding French territories. After a battle filled with twists and turns, William emerged master of the field.


It was this last battle, you'll learn, that forever enshrined in the pages of history the name of William the Conqueror, whose military and political prowess made the Norman Conquest a success. You'll follow how he managed to solidify his conquest of England in the subsequent years.


Probe Lasting Controversies and Enduring Legacies


Throughout the lectures, Dr. Paxton opens your eyes to continued debates and controversies over this year and offers her own take on the Norman Conquest's enduring legacy and the fascinating results of this epic clash. A seasoned historian whose teaching and scholarship focuses specifically on this unique chapter in the grand narrative of Western civilization, she makes an engaging and trustworthy guide for this visit to a year that literally made history.


By exploring 1066—what led up to it, what happened during that fateful year, and what changed as a result—you'll gain a sharper perspective and a greater understanding of everything that would come afterward.


Course Lecture Titles:

1. The Norman Conquest through History

2. England and Normandy before the Conquest

3. The Succession Crisis in England

4. The Battle of Hastings

5. Completing the Conquest

6. The Aftermath of the Conquest


Dr. Jennifer Paxton

Dr. Jennifer Paxton is Professorial Lecturer in History at Georgetown University, where she has taught for more than a decade, and Visiting Assistant Professor of History at The Catholic University of America. The holder of a doctorate in history from Harvard University, where she has also taught and earned a Certificate of Distinction, Professor Paxton is both a widely published award-winning writer and a highly regarded scholar, earning both a Mellon Fellowship in the Humanities and a Frank Knox Memorial Traveling Fellowship. She lectures regularly on medieval history at the Foreign Service Institute in Arlington, Virginia, and has also been invited to speak on British history at the Smithsonian Institution and the Shakespeare Theatre in Washington, DC. Professor Paxton’s research focuses on England from the reign of King Alfred to the late 12th century, particularly the intersection between the authority of church and state and the representation of the past in historical texts, especially those produced by religious communities. She is currently completing a book, Chronicle and Community in Twelfth Century England, that will be published by Oxford University Press. It examines how monastic historians shaped their narratives to project present polemical concerns onto the past.


Running the World's Markets

Running the World's Markets

Running the World's Markets: The Governance of Financial Infrastructure by Ruben Lee
Princeton University Press | 2011 | ISBN: 0691133530 | PDF | 472 pages | 7.68 MB


The efficiency, safety, and soundness of financial markets depend on the operation of core infrastructure--exchanges, central counter-parties, and central securities depositories. How these institutions are governed critically affects their performance. Yet, despite their importance, there is little certainty, still less a global consensus, about their governance. Running the World's Markets examines how markets are, and should be, run.


Utilizing a wide variety of arguments and examples from throughout the world, Ruben Lee identifies and evaluates the similarities and differences between exchanges, central counter-parties, and central securities depositories. Drawing on knowledge and experience from various disciplines, including business, economics, finance, law, politics, and regulation, Lee employs a range of methodologies to tackle different goals. Conceptual analysis is used to examine theoretical issues, survey evidence to describe key aspects of how market infrastructure institutions are governed and regulated globally, and case studies to detail the particular situations and decisions at specific institutions. The combination of these approaches provides a unique and rich foundation for evaluating the complex issues raised.


Lee analyzes efficient forms of governance, how regulatory powers should be allocated, and whether regulatory intervention in governance is desirable. He presents guidelines for identifying the optimal governance model for any market infrastructure institution within the context of its specific environment.


Running the World's Markets provides a definitive and peerless reference for how to govern and regulate financial markets.


The Real Mad Men

The Real Mad Men

The Real Mad Men: The Renegades of Madison Avenue and the Golden Age of Advertising by Andrew Cracknell
Running Press | 2012 | ISBN: 0762440902 | EPUB | 224 pages | 3.79MB


Advertising is a business rooted in art, an art rooted in business, and it reached its peak in a specific place at a specific time: New York City at the end of the 1950s and through the ’60s.


AMC’s award-winning drama Mad Men has garnered awards for its portrayal of advertising executives. This engaging, insightful narrative reveals, for the first time, the lives and work of the real advertising men and women of that era. Just as portrayed in the series, these creative people were the stars of the real Madison Avenue. Their innate eccentricity, vanity, and imagination meant their behavior and lifestyle was as candid and original as their advertising. They had it and they flaunted it. People like Bill Bernbach, George Lois, Ed McCabe, Mary Wells, Marion Harper, Julian Koenig, Steve Frankfurt, and Amil Gargano, and others, who in that small space, in that short time, created some of the most radical and influential advertising ever and sparked a revolution in the methods, practice, and execution of the business. Including over 100 full-color illustrations, the book details iconic campaigns such as VW, Avis, Alka Seltzer, Benson & Hedges, Polaroid, and Braniff Airways.


Sexology of the Vaginal Orgasm

Sexology of the Vaginal Orgasm

Sexology of the Vaginal Orgasm: Helpful knowledge for in-depth feeling by Karl F Stifter
Hedaco | 2005 | ISBN: 3950198504 | PDF | 208 pages | 10.00MB


The author brings to this book 25 years of experience as a leading sex therapist and sexologist in order to present the basic knowledge needed to help achieve orgasm during intercourse. These pages are intended for those who see it as a means of enriching their lives and sexual relationships. Nothing could be further from his mind than to fuel the feeling of being pressured to perform or to preach ideological sexual standards.


Our Sexuality

Our Sexuality

Our Sexuality by Robert L Crooks, Karla Baur
Wadsworth Publishing | 2010 | ISBN: 0495812943 | PDF | 704 pages | 34.87MB


This is the most respected and authoritative college textbook available on human sexuality. Written in a direct, non-judgmental manner, this edition of OUR SEXUALITY has been thoroughly and carefully updated to reflect the most current research findings. It is the first college text to bring cutting-edge and in-depth emphasis on the impact of politics on sexuality. Crooks and Baur keep you interested with the most exciting, emerging research and coverage, and focus on strengthening healthy communication among partners. The authors also have revised their overall coverage on maintaining a responsible and healthy sexual relationship, with greater attention to diversity and inclusiveness.


The Raw Truth About Milk

The Raw Truth About Milk

The Raw Truth About Milk by William Cambell Douglas
Rhino Publishing | 2007 | ISBN: 9962636736 | PDF | 344 pages | 1.60MB


If you knew what we know about milk...BLEEECHT! All that pasteurization, homogenization and processing is not only cooking all the nutrients right out of your favorite drink. It's also adding toxic levels of vitamin D. This fascinating book tells the whole story about milk. How it once was nature's nearly perfect food...How "raw," unprocessed milk can heal and boost your immune system ~ why you can't buy it legally in this country anymore, and what we could do to change that.


In the Shadow of the Sword

In the Shadow of the Sword

In the Shadow of the Sword: The Birth of Islam and the Rise of the Global Arab Empire by Tom Holland
Doubleday Publishing | 2012 | ISBN: 0385531354 | EPUB | 544 pages | 7.19MB


The acclaimed author of Rubicon and other superb works of popular history now produces a thrillingly panoramic (and incredibly timely) account of the rise of Islam.


No less significant than the collapse of the Roman Republic or the Persian invasion of Greece, the evolution of the Arab empire is one of the supreme narratives of ancient history, a story dazzlingly rich in drama, character, and achievement. Just like the Romans, the Arabs came from nowhere to carve out a stupefyingly vast dominion—except that they achieved their conquests not over the course of centuries as the Romans did but in a matter of decades. Just like the Greeks during the Persian wars, they overcame seemingly insuperable odds to emerge triumphant against the greatest empire of the day—not by standing on the defensive, however, but by hurling themselves against all who lay in their path.


One Click: Jeff Bezos and the Rise of Amazon.com [Audiobook]

One Click: Jeff Bezos and the Rise of Amazon.com

One Click: Jeff Bezos and the Rise of Amazon com [Audiobook] by Richard L Brandt
Blackstone Audio | 2011 | ISBN: 145512673X | MP3 VBR V8 | 5 hrs 39 mins | 229.58MB


An insightful look at how Amazon really works and how its founder and CEO makes it happen....


Amazon's business model is deceptively simple: make online shopping so easy and convenient that customers won't think twice. It can almost be summed up by the button on every page: Buy now with one click.


Why has Amazon been so successful? Much of it has to do with Jeff Bezos, the CEO and founder, whose business strategy and unique combination of character traits have driven Amazon to the top of the online retail world. Originally a computer nerd rather than a businessman, he had the vision to capitalize on the untapped online marketplace for bookselling and continues to discover new marketing opportunities, from groceries to auto parts. He's a calculating machine, energetic, passionate, highly aggressive, and out to radically transform retail.


Through numerous interviews with Amazon employees, competitors, and observers, Richard Brandt has deciphered how Bezos thinks, what drives his actions, and how he makes decisions. Anyone in business can learn a lot from the example of Amazon's ongoing evolution.


Richard L. Brandt is an award-winning journalist who has been writing about Silicon Valley for more than two decades. He is well known throughout the technology community as a former correspondent for BusinessWeek, where he won a National Magazine Award. He lives in San Francisco.




AUDIOBOOK

Fanatics and Fools [Audiobook]

Fanatics and Fools

Fanatics and Fools: How the American People Are Being Hoodwinked by Their Leaders [Audiobook] by Arianna Huffington
HighBridge Company | 2004 | ISBN: 1565118456 | MP3@96 kbps | 10 hrs 26 mins | 431.68MB


In Fanatics and Fools, political pundit Arianna Huffington reveals everything we need to know about the dirty game of Washington politics. She poses key questions: How did self-righteous Republican zealots gain control of our government? How did they obliterate Democrats and shift politics so far to the right? Why have they been allowed to redefine the right and betray true American democratic values?


Huffington takes on a long view of American political history and leadership to remind us that at one time America's leaders were people of daring, passion, and intelligence. By contrast, today's leaders (people like Dick Cheney, John Ashcroft, Tom DeLay, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, and Bill Frist) are "dangerous Fanatics". Those who don't oppose them are "spineless Fools". Huffington holds the feet of the Fanatics and Fools to the fire while offering us a blueprint for returning power to this country's rightful owners: the people.


The Price of Politics

The Price of Politics

The Price of Politics by Bob Woodward
Simon & Schuster | 2012 | ISBN: 1451651104 | EPUB | 448 pages | 3.08MB


Based on 18 months of reporting, Woodward's 17th book The Price of Politics is an intimate, documented examination of how President Obama and the highest profile Republican and Democratic leaders in the United States Congress attempted to restore the American economy and improve the federal government’s fiscal condition over three and one half years. Drawn from memos, contemporaneous meeting notes, emails and in-depth interviews with the central players, The Price of Politics addresses the key issue of the presidential and congressional campaigns: the condition of the American economy and how and why we got there. Providing verbatim, day-by-day, even hour-by-hour accounts, the book shows what really happened, what drove the debates, negotiations and struggles that define, and will continue to define, the American future.


The Odds Against Obama [Audiobook]

The Odds Against Obama [Audiobook]

The Odds Against Obama: Why History and Logic Make the President a Likely Loser [Audiobook] by Michael Medved
Medvedhistorystore | 2012 | MP3@64 kbps | ~ 6 hrs | 202.91MB



Most Americans instinctively assume the President will cruise to reelection in November. This notion has been bolstered by the Obama campaign's relentless efforts to portray the president as unbeatable and to characterize Mitt Romney as a hapless loser.


THE ODDS AGAINST OBAMA provides the tools to shatter that impression, and to put the campaign in proper perspective based on the iron rules of history and logic.


Based on columns that appeared originally in The Daily Beast, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal and on Townhall.com, with annotated new election tables that highlight the key differences between past presidential winners and losers, these essays show that the patterns of our politics strongly favor conservatives in the crucial election of 2012.


This book never argues that Mitt Romney can’t lose. But the notion that Romney can’t win is illogical and unsupportable, when history and common sense argue powerfully to the contrary. The president admits that this election will prove closer than the last one -- which means he plans to become the first incumbent in all of American history to win a second term after four years of losing, not gaining, support.


If most people believe our nation is headed in the wrong direction then why wouldn’t they choose to change drivers? THE ODDS AGAINST OBAMA offer a stimulating road map for taking the right turns to make that change.


Includes a special Appendix describing why Paul Ryan is an excellent choice for Vice President. Also contains election data from 24 historical Presidential elections.


Art in the Third Reich

Art in the Third Reich

Art in the Third Reich by Berthold Hinz
Pantheon | 1979 | ISBN: 0394737431 | PDF | 268 pages | 272.90MB


According to Hinz's introduction, oppressed people of the art world are typically sympathized with in history, but it is his intention to explore the art that was promoted by the state rather than the oppressed art. He does this well and one possible reason is because he does give a brief overview of what was considered degenerate art. This is useful to a reader who has little knowledge of different styles of art. Although the focus of his book is to show what was accepted art of the Third Reich, he also shows what it was not. Among the most common type of Degenerate Art are "Jewish" or "Bolshivik" art and modern art. He shows examples of all of these types of art, making it easier for the reader to identify the difference between Degenerate Art and art approved by the state. As Hinz points out, most works about Art in the Third Reich deal with Degenerate art, not art approved by the state. since Hinz made this statement, books dealing with particualr aspects of the Nazi art world have been published such as Degenerate Art. This book is edited by Stephanie Barron and Peter W. Guenther. This book chronicles an exhibit of Degenerate Art. The examination of Degenerate Art is the exact opposite of what Hinz was trying to accomplish. He wanted to draw attention to the neglected topic of National Socialist Art. One book, Art of the Third Reich, by Peter Adam is very similar to Hinz's book. It shows examples of art sanctioned by the Third Reich, but it was published in 1995, more than twenty years after the original publication of Hinz's book. For the time of its publication, Hinz's work was of a topic rarely the focus of literature.