History of Freedom [TTC Video]
15 July 2015, 14:35
Course No 480 | AVI, XviD, 547 kbps, 640x432 | English, MP3, 128 kbps, 2 Ch | 36x30 mins | + PDF Guidebook | 5.49 GB
It can be argued that one simple idea—the concept of freedom—has been the driving force of Western civilization and may be the most influential intellectual force the world has ever known. But what is freedom, exactly? Join historian and classical scholar J. Rufus Fears as he tells freedom's dramatic story from ancient Greece to our own day, exploring a concept so close to us we may never have considered it with the thoroughness it deserves.
- Delve Into the Meaning of Human Freedom
- What did freedom mean to Abraham Lincoln—or to Robert E. Lee? To Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, or Martin Luther King?
What does it mean to us today?
Indeed, to consider freedom is to ask questions. Many questions.
- What does it take to be free, to have and to hold liberty?
- What moral questions did freedom raise for our forebears?
- What questions does it raise for us?
- What role do the liberal arts and the world of the intellect play in the life of a free society or a free individual?
- What does democracy have to do with freedom?
- Can a democratic politician be a statesman?
- How should we understand the relationship among freedom, religion, and morality?
- Is there a dichotomy between public and private morality in a free society?
You ponder these questions and more in this moving and provocative course, brought to you by a teacher whose 15 awards for outstanding teaching include three-time recognition as University of Oklahoma Professor of the Year.
Professor Fears combines a fine actor's captivating presence, superb timing, and feel for the telling anecdote with the broad and humane learning of a seasoned classics scholar.
A History of Real People and Real Events
A firm premise of the course is that history is made by great individuals and great events, not by anonymous social and economic forces.
In fact, Professor Fears opens the course not with a dry presentation of liberty's philosophical requirements but by plunging you into the chaos of the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.
This was the seminal event in the history of freedom, with 9,000 citizen-soldiers of Athens defeating the much larger and better-equipped army of the Persian king Darius and thwarting his attempt to subjugate Greece.
This battle highlights dramatically the contrast between the political liberty of the Greek city-states and the absolutism of the monarchies of the ancient Near East.
It also highlights Professor Fears's approach to this course, as he focuses your engagement with the history of freedom on six seed times of liberty, along with the great people and events that helped shape the character of each.
Six Crucial Epochs, Revealed in Riveting Detail
With Professor Fears guiding and informing your thinking, you explore:
- the birth of the idea of freedom in Greece and the story of the world's first democracy the Athens of Pericles, Socrates, and Sophocles
- the status and meaning of freedom in both the Roman Republic and the Empire, and the new forms of liberty that flowered from the Roman legacy
- the role of Jesus, Saint Paul, and Christianity in that flowering of freedom, and the Christian view of the true meaning of human liberation
- the American colonies' resistance to British rule and their decision to declare their independence
- the debates about freedom that informed the framing and ratification of the United States Constitution and its awful testing on the battlefields of the Civil War
- the struggles of free peoples against domestic injustices and foreign dictatorships during the 20th century and the questions about freedom we still face as we enter the 21st .
Informed by Thousands of Years of Thought
To illustrate thought-provoking accounts of freedom's triumphs and travails, Professor Fears draws on Sophocles, Aristotle, Cicero, Paul, the English common-law tradition, Machiavelli, Lincoln, and the American Founders.
And he includes such towering intellectual champions of English-speaking liberalism as Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Lord Acton.
To clothe this impressive framework of analysis with the stuff of real history, Professor Fears brings to life critical episodes within each key period, explaining what was at stake each time.
- You witness the outnumbered Greeks charging the Persians at Marathon, the Minutemen challenging the redcoats at Lexington, and Lee and later Lincoln surveying the great battlefield of Gettysburg.
- You compare the trials of Socrates and Jesus, witness the signing of the Magna Carta and the Declaration of Independence, and study the debate over the U.S. Constitution.
- You recapture the confidence and buoyancy of Franklin Roosevelt's swift response to the Great Depression.
- And you thrill to Winston Churchill's bulldog defiance as he and his island nation stand alone defending freedom and humanity against Hitler's war machine.
- To cap this extraordinary series, Professor Fears steers your thoughts to the Cold War and the remarkable march toward freedom witnessed by the last decade of the 20th century.
A Look Ahead—and a Cautionary Note
Professor Fears closes with a look at the future and a word of warning.
"Americans entered the 21st century convinced that we are the only superpower and that the innovations of science, technology, and industry have opened a new era of individual liberty, prosperity, and peace. It should be remembered that Europeans entered the 20th century under similar delusions.
"This course of lectures ends on a cautionary note, one that was already voiced in the Athenian democracy of the 5 th century B.C.
"Excessive individualism is not liberty but, rather, license. There can ultimately be no separation between public and private morality. A democratic society can survive only if its citizens have a shared set of moral and political values.
"Excessive prosperity can lead to that public apathy about politics which is the death knell of liberty.
"In the end, the true test of a free society is its ability to produce leaders of ability, vision, and moral character."
These lectures invite you to look at our nation's most formative idea from a fresh perspective.
Accept the invitation with enthusiasm and intellectual anticipation. Your perspective on politics, society, and history—or your place in them—may never be the same.
- The Birth of Freedom
- Athenian Democracy
- Athens—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
- Athenian Tragedy—Education for Freedom
- Socrates on Trial
- Alexander the Great
- The Roman Republic
- Julius Caesar
- Freedom in the Roman Empire
- Rome—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
- Gibbon on Rome’s Decline and Fall
- Jesus and Socrates
- Paul the Apostle
- Freedom in the Middle Ages
- Luther and the Protestant Reformation
- From Machiavelli to the Divine Right of Kings
- The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty
- The Shot Heard ’Round the World
- The Tyranny of George III
- What the Declaration of Independence Says
- Natural Law and the Declaration
- Miracle at Philadelphia
- What the Constitution Says
- The Bill of Rights
- Liberty and Lee at Gettysburg
- Liberty and Lincoln at Gettysburg
- FDR and the Progressive Tradition
- Why the French Revolution Failed
- The Liberal Tradition
- Churchill and the War for Freedom
- The Illiberal Tradition
- Hitler and the War Against Freedom
- The Cold War
- Civil Disobedience and Social Change
- Freedom and the Lessons of History
The Science of Natural Healing [TTC Video]
13 July 2015, 16:05
Course No 1986 | MP4, MPEG4, 846 kbps, 426x320 | English, AAC, 96 kbps, 2 Ch | 24x30 mins | 4.69 GB
In the 21st century, the Western paradigm for healthcare is changing. Notwithstanding the great strengths of medical science, many people now have concerns about key features of our health-care system—among them, the widespread use of medical drugs and a relative deemphasis on preventive care.
But traditional Western medicine is not the only healing system rooted in science. Medical systems from other cultures, including those of India and China, have used natural treatments for centuries, some of which are now directly influencing our own health-care professions. These approaches not only emphasize healing with natural substances, but devote considerable attention to illness prevention and healthful living by considering the whole person rather than just targeting a condition.
What is the most effective way to nurture your own optimal health? Are there sound alternatives to the drugs so common in our health-care system, which can carry unwanted consequences and side effects? What about the range of natural methods, such as herbal medications, micronutrients, and the use of food itself as medicine? Are these approaches valid? And, if so, can we integrate the best of Western medicine with the best natural treatments to enjoy prime health and longevity?
In The Science of Natural Healing, board-certified cardiologist Dr. Mimi Guarneri, founder of the Scripps Center for Integrative Medicine, leads you in a compelling and practical exploration of holistic approaches to healthcare, introducing you to the many nature-based treatments and methods that are both clinically proven and readily available to you. In 24 incisive and revealing lectures, you look deeply into the science behind natural treatments and preventive healthcare, including how medical conditions ranging from high blood pressure to heart disease and diabetes can be treated naturally with remarkable effectiveness.
You also discover, perhaps surprisingly, that a large number of ailments and illnesses that we usually accept as part of life are in fact directly linked to lifestyle factors—and that positive changes in lifestyle, diet, and physical activity can have a major effect in both preventing and treating illness.
By probing the underlying causes for common medical conditions such as inflammation, high cholesterol, arthritis, and migraines, and the range of natural ways to treat them—including the use of improved nutrition, plant substances, supplements, and stress-reduction techniques—The Science of Natural Healing leaves you with a rich spectrum of choices and possibilities for your own healthcare, as well as practical tools for creating a truly healthful lifestyle.
Healing the Whole Human Being
As a guiding context for your study of natural healing, you learn about a new paradigm for healthcare, as embodied in the field of integrative holistic medicine. (“Holistic” simply means “whole.”) Integrative holistic medicine takes a large view, focusing on the whole person—aiming to prevent and treat illness through a full-spectrum approach that looks deeply at the factors of your genetic makeup, environment, lifestyle, nutrition, physical activity, and psychology.
Integrative holistic medicine is thoroughly grounded in traditional Western medical practice but also incorporates the use of proven natural substances and healing methods, looking for the underlying causes of illness and dedicated to caring for body, mind, and spirit.
The Promise of Nature-Based Healthcare
In this far-ranging inquiry, you delve into core subjects such as these:
- The power of food in healing: By studying fundamental principles of nutrition, food sensitivity, and the impact of foods on the genome, discover the remarkable ways in which you can both prevent and treat numerous illnesses by what you eat.
- Micronutrients and natural supplements: Investigate the healing properties of natural substances, including probiotics, selenium, and the hormone vitamin D, and their effectiveness in treating and preventing ulcerative colitis, diarrhea, and cancer.
- Clinically proven herbal medicines: Study the medicinal uses of aloe, ginger, and licorice for the GI tract, cranberry and saw palmetto for urogenital conditions, and herbal treatments for migraines.
- Natural treatments for common medical conditions: Apply the integrative treatment model and its many tools to specific conditions, including inflammation, cholesterol abnormalities, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
The mind-body connection in healing:Review substantial research on the mind’s effect on the body, including an in-depth study of stress, and learn about the use of guided imagery, yoga, meditation, and other mind-body modalities to treat physical illness.
- Natural approaches to mental and spiritual health: Explore eye-opening data ranging from the effects of micronutrients and herbs on depression to studies showing the correlation between spiritual practices and longevity. Learn practical techniques for deepening an affirmative mental outlook and feeling state.
Teaching of Rare Scope and Vision
Revealing both an extraordinary depth of knowledge and a passionate investigative spirit, Dr. Guarneri points you to numerous empowering avenues and alternatives for healthful living. You study the many benefits of the Mediterranean diet and how to choose specific foods for your own optimal health. You observe the critical importance of exercise in both illness prevention and treatment, and you learn a range of methods (including the use of your own breathing) to disarm stress and deepen the experience of well-being.
Dr. Guarneri enlivens these lectures with unusual and often astonishing facts and stories, inviting you to challenge common assumptions and habitual thinking about health. You learn that
- 75 to 90 percent of all visits to health-care providers result from stress-related disorders;
- plant substances such as garlic and wakame seaweed substantially reduce systolic blood pressure; and
- debilitating conditions such as arthritis and migraines can be triggered by simple sensitivity to foods.
In a penetrating exploration of the mind-body connection, Dr. Guarneri makes it clear that the health of the body is intimately related to the health of the mind and spirit.
- You review hard-nosed research demonstrating the role of healthy relationships in positive health outcomes.
- You learn why chronic anger increases the risk of heart attack by 230 percent.
- You track the medical consequences of depression and hopelessness, and studies linking positive emotions and strong social bonds to markedly lower incidence of illness.
You’ll also see the integrative paradigm in action in real-life case studies, including the profile of a woman with diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, and depression. Then, observe how an integrative treatment plan for her includes dietary changes, specific micronutrients, exercise, stress-reduction techniques, and renewed social connection.
In presenting the case studies, Dr. Guarneri demonstrates, with great compassion and discernment, how the integrative physician can guide patients through the emotional challenges of difficult illness and recovery so that they retain their spirit and identity.
Your Health: A New Possibility
No matter what kind of life you’re living, optimal health is one of the greatest assets you can have. In The Science of Natural Healing, Dr. Guarneri offers you the opportunity to take a highly proactive and informed role in your own healthcare—to make use of the best of nature-based medicine, to live a truly nurturing lifestyle, and to care for your own well-being in the most comprehensive and far-reaching way. In speaking deeply to a truly integrative approach to healing, these lectures can make a profound difference in your health now and in the future and help you live your life to the absolute fullest.
- Shifting the Health-Care Paradigm
- Understanding Holistic Integrative Medicine
- You Are More Than Your Genes
- Food Matters
- Not All Foods Are Created Equal
- Natural Approaches to Inflammation
- Food Sensitivity and the Elimination Diet
- Vitamins and Supplements
- Herbal Remedies
- Lowering Cholesterol Naturally
- Treating High Blood Pressure Naturally
- Treating Diabetes Naturally
- Stress and the Mind-Body Connection
- Turning Stress into Strength
- Meditation, Yoga, and Guided Imagery
- Natural Approaches to Mental Health
- Biofield Therapies
- The Power of Love
- Spirituality in Health
- Components of Spiritual Wellness
- Applying the Lessons of Natural Healing
- Ecology and Health
- Healthy People, Healthy Planet
- You Are Your Own Best Medicine
Origins and Ideologies of the American Revolution [TTC Video]
12 July 2015, 16:33
Course No 8520 | MKV, x264, 784 kbps, 960x720 | English, AAC, 96 kbps, 2 Ch | 48x30 mins | 9.64GB
The years 1760–1800 rocked the Western world. These were the years when colonists on the eastern fringes of a continent converted Enlightenment thought first into action, then into government. Astonishing the world leaders of the day, they defied and broke away from their mother country, and then fashioned a republic capable of sustaining itself generation after generation.
Why this happened and how the colonists did it is the subject of Professor Peter C. Mancall's 48 lectures. It is a story of immense importance and rich discoveries.
The American Revolution began when British colonists first questioned the intrusions of Great Britain into their economic progress and civil lives. It erupted into armed conflict in 1775, but it did not end with the peace treaty of 1783. The Americans had yet to craft a government that brought into being new ways for citizens to relate to their government and for a government to relate to its nation.
Watch the Rise of Representative Government
Presenting this momentous period is Professor Mancall, professor of history and anthropology at the University of Southern California. Throughout this course Professor Mancall does far more than recount events. He illuminates the words of the very people who struggled with the crosscurrents of those times. Professor Mancall brings to life both the famous and little-remembered colonists who were caught up in the debates over rights and power, liberties and empire. Because he presents original source materials as well as how events were reported and interpreted, we more readily understand the evolution of ideas, the competing pressures, and the misunderstandings.
Professor Mancall lays the foundation of the story by elucidating the roots of English colonization and the successes of the colonies, then introducing the explosive matter of who was to pay for the French and Indian War of 1754–63. He reads from the fiery 1760s arguments of the Boston lawyer James Otis, who wrote, "The very act of taxing exercised over those who are not represented appears to me to be depriving them of one of their most essential rights as freemen."
He reads from the reasoned pamphlets of John Dickinson, who worried "whether Parliament can legally take money out of our pockets without our consent. If they can, our boast of liberty is but ... a sound." He brings us into the life and views of the brilliant Bostonian Mercy Otis Warren, who fashioned one of the first histories of the American Revolution from her own observations.
And of course, he brings us closer to the extraordinary minds leading the colonies throughout the political tumult, including Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton.
In Professor Mancall's lectures you learn the British side as well. You'll hear the opinions of loyalist Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson. And you'll hear the words of King George III, who declared himself "still hoping that my people in America would have discerned the traitorous views of their leaders and have been convinced that to be a subject of Great Britain, with all its consequences, is to be the freest member of any civil society in the known world."
Professor Mancall shines when revealing how ideas were formed in the minds of those affected by events, and how their ideas inspired so much that is familiar to us today.
Independence Was Just the Beginning
In achieving freedom from Great Britain, the colonists traded one set of problems for another. No country the size of the United States had ever successfully established a republic. Indeed, in the 1780s, the young nation could not pay its debts or craft an effective foreign policy. European monarchies expected imminent collapse. Instead, 55 men wrote a constitution for a national government, then asked for approval from the people. Debate raged, but owing to a pledge to add a list of guaranteed liberties, the United States Constitution became the nation's supreme law.
Still, no one knew whether the new governmental structure would work. It seemed to be an untried collection of compromises, checks, and balances. But the new country began auspiciously, led by the most revered American of the age, George Washington.
With Washington's voluntary exit from the political stage in 1796, political leadership fell to two Revolutionary comrades who developed different views for the young country's proper course. John Adams was devoted to a strong national government—Thomas Jefferson to individual liberties. Each was backed by passionate followers and believed he was working for the principles of 1775–76.
In the end, what may have done most to save the country from catastrophic failure was that Adams, though discouraged and angry after losing in a free election, passed power peaceably to Jefferson who, rather than seek political revenge, carried on much of what had been built up since the Constitution's inception.
The Meaning of the Revolution
The American Revolution was one of the great turning points in Western civilization. Anglo-American colonists, long loyal to the British monarch, thought that governments were meant to serve people rather than the other way around, and they struggled to establish such a government for themselves. They also struggled among themselves over how that government would relate to citizens and to their respective states, and how the government would be both powerful enough to do good for the people yet not so powerful as to abuse natural liberties.
Professor Mancall delves into all this. His course contains separate lectures on how the Revolution affected women, Native Americans, African Americans, and the balance of rich and poor. As Professor Mancall notes, the words, "All men are created equal" set in motion ideas and movements that went beyond the simple thought that a colonist is the equal of a Briton; they kindled a flame that began to light the world.
Why the Revolution Worked
As Professor Mancall makes clear, the success of the Revolution was never assured. The leading resistors were fallible men, and the current of events so swirled about them that it could easily have swept them aside. Yet the Revolution of 1760–1800 did work.
One reason was effective patriot propaganda. Paul Revere deftly crafted an illustration of the Boston Massacre that inflamed Americans against British soldiers. Thomas Paine brilliantly expressed the rationale for independence in his pamphlet Common Sense.
Another reason for American success was the flawed strategy and tactics of the British. During 1776 to 1778, British and Hessian soldiers so plundered families that Americans resolved the more firmly to separate from Britain. Even in the South where slaveholders might have worried over the "equality" language of the Declaration, the British discovered most Americans thought of themselves as American rather than British.
Then the Americans realized they needed a new constitution and wrote one so well that it has remained virtually intact after 220 years.
The election of 1800 placed a capstone on the success of the Revolution. Against a backdrop a French Revolution sinking into military dictatorship, Adams stepped aside. Jefferson understood the significance of the moment and asserted that despite political differences of party, nothing was more important than the continuation of the Revolutionary ideas of liberty, citizens' rights, and responsible self-government.
- Self-Evident Truths
- Ideas and Ideologies
- Europeans of Colonial America
- Natives and Slaves of Colonial America
- The Colonies in the Atlantic World, c. 1750
- The Seven Years' War
- The British Constitution
- George III and the Politics of Empire
- Politics in British America before 1760
- James Otis and the Writs of Assistance Case
- The Search for Order and Revenue
- The Stamp Act and Rebellion in the Streets
- Parliament Digs in Its Heels, 1766–1767
- The Crisis of Representation
- The Logic of Loyalty and Resistance
- Franklin and the Search for Reconciliation
- The Boston Massacre
- The British Empire and the Tea Act
- The Boston Tea Party and the Coercive Acts
- The First Continental Congress
- Lexington and Concord
- Second Continental Congress and Bunker Hill
- Thomas Paine and Common Sense
- The British Seizure of New York
- The Declaration of Independence
- The War for New York and New Jersey
- Saratoga, Philadelphia, and Valley Forge
- The Creation of State Constitutions
- Jefferson's Statute for Religious Freedom
- Franklin, Paris, and the French Alliance
- The Articles of Confederation
- Yorktown and the End of the War
- The Treaty of Paris of 1783
- The Crises of the 1780s
- African Americans and the Revolution
- The Constitutional Convention
- The United States Constitution
- The Antifederalist Critique
- The Federalists' Response
- The Bill of Rights
- Politics in the 1790s
- The Alien and Sedition Acts
- The Election of 1800
- Women and the American Revolution
- The Revolution and Native Americans
- The American Revolution as Social Movement
- Reflections by the Revolutionary Generation
- The Meaning of the Revolution