Bastard Tongues [EPUB]

Bastard Tongues [EPUB]
Bastard Tongues: A Trailblazing Linguist Finds Clues to Our Common Humanity in the World's Lowliest Languages by Derek Bickerton
2008 | EPUB | 1.19MB

Why Do Isolated Creole Languages Tend to Have Similar Grammatical Structures?

Bastard Tongues is an exciting, firsthand story of scientific discovery in an area of research close to the heart of what it means to be human—what language is, how it works, and how it passes from generation to generation, even where historical accidents have made normal transmission almost impossible. The story focuses on languages so low in the pecking order that many people don't regard them as languages at all—Creole languages spoken by descendants of slaves and indentured laborers in plantation colonies all over the world. The story is told by Derek Bickerton, who has spent more than thirty years researching these languages on four continents and developing a controversial theory that explains why they are so similar to one another. A published novelist, Bickerton (once described as "part scholar, part swashbuckling man of action") does not present his findings in the usual dry academic manner. Instead, you become a companion on his journey of discovery. You learn things as he learned them, share his disappointments and triumphs, explore the exotic locales where he worked, and meet the colorful characters he encountered along the way.

The result is a unique blend of memoir, travelogue, history, and linguistics primer, appealing to anyone who has ever wondered how languages grow or what it's like to search the world for new knowledge.

Power of Reading: From Socrates to Twitter [EPUB]

Power of Reading: From Socrates to Twitter [EPUB]
Power of Reading: From Socrates to Twitter by Frank Furedi
2015 | EPUB | 1.22MB

Here is a natural companion to Christopher Booker`s bestselling The Seven Basic Plots (Continuum) and John Gross`s seminal study The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters (Weidenfeld and Nicolson). The most eminent cultural and social historian Frank Furedi presents an eclectic and entirely original history of reading. The very act of reading and the choice of reading material endow individuals with an identity that possesses great symbolic significance. Already in ancient Rome, Cicero was busy drawing up a hierarchy of different types of readers. Since that time people have been divided into a variety of categories- literates and illiterates, intensive and extensive readers, or vulgo and discreet readers. In the 19th Century, accomplished readers were praised as `men of letters` while their moral opposites were described as `unlettered`. Today distinctions are made between cultural and instrumental readers and scorn is communicated towards the infamous `tabloid reader`.

The purpose of this book is to explore the changing meanings attributed to the act of reading. Although it has an historical perspective, the book`s focus is very much on the culture of reading that prevails in the 21st Century. There are numerous texts on the history of literacy (Hoggart), yet there is no publication devoted to the the history of readers and their relationship with wider culture and society. It is thus a fascinating insight into understanding the post-Gutenberg debates about literacy in a multimedia environment with such a strong emphasis on the absorption of information. Taking a cue from George Steiner, Furedi argues vigorously for the restoration of the art of reading- every bit as important as the art of writing.

How to Write Like Tolstoy: A Journey into the Minds of Our Greatest Writers [EPUB]

How to Write Like Tolstoy: A Journey into the Minds of Our Greatest Writers [EPUB]
How to Write Like Tolstoy: A Journey into the Minds of Our Greatest Writers by Richard Cohen
2016 | EPUB | 16.38MB

What made Norman Mailer change from first person to third? Which authors borrowed plots and characters from people they knew? Why did Turgenev so envy Tolstoy, and what does that say about how fiction writers create character?

Richard Cohen takes readers on an enchanting journey into the minds, techniques, concerns, tricks and flaws of the greatest writers to have ever graced the printed page. He reveals how such literary legends as Eliot, Dickens, Woolf, Amis, King and Morrison grappled with problems, questioned themselves and occasionally changed their minds to dramatic effect as they created the stories and characters that we love. Playful and profound and brimming with insights, How to Write Like Tolstoy is a charming guide to the writer’s craft, disclosing the fascinating stories behind the finest novels we’ve ever known.

Includes revealing insights from the literary lives of Vladimir Nabokov, Fay Weldon, Samuel Beckett, George Orwell, J. D. Salinger, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Mark Twain, Kate Atkinson, Philip Roth, Emily Brontë, Ali Smith, Franz Kafka, Ernest Hemingway, James Joyce, Agatha Christie and many more.

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